Employment of people with disabilities

People with disabilities receive a higher degree of protection in the labour market.

Vocational rehabilitation - continuous activity aiming at acquiring and maintaining suitable employment for a person with a disability, provided and financed, upon application, by the Labour Office. In co-operation with a person with a disability the Labour Office will compile an individual plan for vocational rehabilitation.

Training for a job - initial training of an individual with a disability for a suitable job based upon an agreement with the Labour Office. The training for a job may be performed with an assistant's support. The training lasts for a maximum of 24 months.

Specialised retraining courses - performed under identical conditions as other retraining.

SHELTERED WORK POSITIONS AND SHELTERED WORKSHOPS

A sheltered work position is a position created by an employer for an individual with a disability based upon a written agreement with the Labour Office. A sheltered work position must be maintained for at least 2 years from the day specified in the agreement. A sheltered workshop is an employer's work unit in which a minimum of 60 per cent of the employees are persons with disabilities.

CONTRIBUTIONS PROVIDED TO EMPLOYERS

The Labour Office may award an employer a contribution towards the creation of a sheltered work position and a sheltered workshop. An employer who provided training for disabled individuals may receive full costs of such training for disabled individuals, from the Labour Office. An employer who employs more than 50 per cent persons with disabilities, out of the total number of employees, is entitled to a contribution.

MANDATORY PROPORTION OF EMPLOYMENT OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

Employers who employ more than 25 people are required to employ individuals with disabilities to the proportion of 4 per cent out of the total number of employees. The methods of meeting this obligation, that is employment relationship, acquisition of products and services or penalty payments to the state budget, are considered to be equivalent and may be mutually combined.

Labour Market Spy Report